How Has the RFS Evolved Over Time?

Since the inception of the ethanol mandate a decade ago, the United States has undergone an
energy transformation from a nation of energy dependence and scarcity to one of energy security
and abundance. It is well past time to reform outdated energy policies to reflect the energy realities
of today and tomorrow.


RFS timeline

2005
Congress creates the RFS,
calling for 7.5 Billion
Gallons of biofuels by
2012 in the Energy Policy Act
2007
Congress revises the RFS in
the Energy Independence & Security Act

  • Calls for 36 billion gallons by 2022
  • The new “RFS2” created four nested biofuel categories:
    • Cellulosic
    • Advanced
    • Biomass-based Diesel
    • Renewable Fuel (corn ethanol)
2010
EPA promulgates RFS
rules waiving the
cellulosic standard
2011
EPA permits the use of E15
in 2001 and newer light-duty vehicles
2013
EPA issues volume
requirements that exceed
9.7% ethanol
2013
RIN market jumps
from under 5¢ to
over $1.00
2013
EPA proposes to waive the 2014
total volume requirement, but
doesn’t finalize the rule
2015
Refiners file lawsuit against
EPA a•er failing to issue rules
for 2014 and 2015
2015
Issues a multi-year rule acknowledging the
ethanol blendwall by waiving the overall
volume requirements in 2014, 2015 and 2016
2016
The ethanol lobby sues
EPA for using its waiver authority
2016
Bipartisan group in congress
introduces legislation to cap
the RFS to not more than 9.7%
ethanol in the gasoline market
2017
Court determines EPA did not use the appropriate waiver authority for 2016
2018
EPA is expected to trigger reset of the RFS and begins the process of rewriting statutory tables
2022
Statutory volumes end and EPA establishes volumetric targets based on broad set of environmental and economic factors